(TFC) – The number of sexually transmitted disease cases is rising in the United States. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) tracks the number of cases of many diseases, including STD cases. Here the most common STDs in America.
Human Papillomavirus (HPV)
The CDC states that HPV is the most common sexually transmitted disease in the United States. HPV is passed through oral, vaginal, or anal sex. The affected individual does not need to show symptoms in order to spread the virus to another person.
Certain strains of HPV can lead to genital warts, which can be treated. HPV has also been linked to several types of cancer, including vaginal, cervical, vulvar, penile, and anal cancer.
The parasite Trichomonas vaginalis is responsible for the common STD trichomoniasis. Not everyone with trich has symptoms; only about 30 percent of those affected will show any symptoms.
Women typically have symptoms of discharge, vaginal odor, or itching near the vagina. Painful intercourse can also be a symptom of trich.
Men usually do not have symptoms. If they do, it could be mild discharge, irritation inside the penis, or a burning sensation when urinating or ejaculating.
Trich can be cured with antibiotics. Your partners will also need to be treated if you test positive.
Chlamydia, which can affect both men and women, can be spread through oral, vaginal or anal sex. (https://www.cdc.gov/std/chlamydia/stdfact-chlamydia.htm) If it is not treated, it can seriously harm a female’s reproductive system.
Women and men may experience burning when urinating or a discharge, but there are often no symptoms with an infection.
Gonorrhea is another common sexually transmitted disease that can affect both women and men. It can cause an infection in the genital area, the anal area and even in the throat. It is spread through oral, anal, or vaginal sex.
Gonorrhea is a common STD. Those who are between the ages of 15 and 24 and sexually active are very likely to contract gonorrhea.
Symptoms usually include discharge and burning while urinating, but not everyone will show symptoms.
If you are sexually active and think that you may have a sexually transmitted disease, then it is important to get STD testing. That is the only way to know for sure if you have contracted one of these diseases and get the necessary treatment. Several STDs can be treated with medication, so it’s best to get tested and get treated before the disease causes lasting harm to your body.