Bogota, Colombia (Sputnik) – The Colombian government and FARC rebels have officially reached an historic peace deal, bringing an end to a 50-year war.
The accord, announced in Havana, Cuba, on Wednesday, requires the Colombian government to carry out substantive land reform and overhaul its drug trafficking policies. It also requires Bogota to expand state services into rural sections of the country.
The agreement must be approved by voters in a plebiscite before it can take effect. A vote is expected to take place in October. Negotiations were finalized on Tuesday.
FARC is one of the world’s oldest Marxist insurgencies, formed in 1964 when it launched a war to overthrow the government of Colombia and install a revolutionary regime. Since fighting began, over 220,000 people have been killed, and another 5 million forced to abandon their homes.
This report prepared by Sputnik.