Human Rights Watch documents Syrian and Russian use of cluster munitions

Damascus, Syria (TFC) – Human Rights Watch has been documenting the use of cluster munitions in Syria. The munitions are reportedly being used by Russia and Syrian government forces. The NGO has obtained video and photographic evidence that demonstrates that indiscriminate use of cluster munitions is occurring beyond a reasonable doubt.

Human Rights Watch has documented the use of seven types of cluster munitions in Syria since September 30, 2015, as detailed in the following table:

Delivery method

Carrier type

Submunition type

Number of submunitions per carrier

Number of attacks documented

Ground-launched 9M27K/9M27K1 rocket (BM-27 Uragan) 9N210/9N235 30 1
Ground-launched 9M55K rocket (BM-30 Smerch) 9N235 72 2
Ground-launched 3O8 projectile O-10 14 1
Ground-launched 9M79-series Tochka ballistic missile 9N24 50 2
Air-dropped RBK-500 bomb AO-2.5 RT/RTM 108 10
Air-dropped RBK-500 bomb ShOAB-0.5 565 2
Air-dropped RBK-500 bomb SPBE 15 2

Cluster munition attacks in Syria since September 30 2015:

Date

Location

Type

Visual confirmation

October 4 Kafr Halab, Aleppo RBK-500 bomb with SPBE submunitions Photo: submunitions

Video: mid-air dispersal

October 7 Ma’saran, Idlib RBK-500 bomb with AO-2.5RT submunitions Video: submunition remnants

Video: bomb and submunition remnants

October 7 Kafr Zita, Hama 9M55K rocket with 9N235 submunitions Video: smoke trails or rocket launch and impact.

Video: sound of impact.

Photo: rocket remnant.

October 9 Al-Naqeer, Idlib 9M55K rocket with 9N235 submunitions Photo: cargo section and submunition.

Video: camp, rocket remnants and submunition.

Video: impact, camp and wounded.

October 13 Shatal az-Ziyarah RBK-500 bomb with AO-2RTM submunitions Video: collected submunitions
October 22 Hayyan, Aleppo RBK-500 bomb with SPBE submunitions Video: bomb and submunition remnants
October 24 Hayyan, Aleppo RBK-500 with AO-2.5RT submunitions Video: submunitions and submunition remnants

Photo: submunition remnants

October 28 Karm al-Myasser, Aleppo city RBK-500 bomb with AO-2.5RT submunitions Photo: submunition remnants
October 28 Kansafra, Idlib RBK-500 bomb with AO-2.5RT submunitions Video: submunition remnants
October 29 Kafr Aweed, Idlib RBK-500 bomb with AO-2.5RT submunitions Photos: bomb and submunition remnants
November 9 Younsyeh, Idlib 9M79-series Tochka ballistic missile

 

Photos on file with HRW
November 13 Kniddah, Idlib 9M27K-series rocket with 9N210/9N235 submunitions Photos on file with HRW
November 20 Al Bawabiya, Aleppo RBK-500 bomb with ShOAB-0.5 submunitions Photo: bomb and submunition remnants
November 23 Al Lataminah, Hama RBK-500 bomb with AO-2.5RT submunitions Video: submunition remnants
November 28 Al Lataminah, Hama RBK-500 bomb with ShOAB-0.5 submunitions Video: submunition remnants
December 3 Al-Najeya, Idlib  9M79-series Tochka ballistic missile

 

Photo: missile remnant
December 13 Douma, Damascus 3O8 cluster munition projectile with O-10 submunitions Photo: unexploded remnants

Video: submunition remnants

December 14 Marjeh district, Aleppo city RBK-500 bomb with AO-2.5RT submunitions Video: submunition remnants
December 14 Ma`arat al-Nu`man, Idlib RBK-500 bomb with AO-2.5RT submunitions Photo: bomb and submunition remnants
December 14 Douma, Damascus RBK-500 bomb with AO-2.5RT submunitions Video: submunition remnants

 

For the entire report including witness interviews, click here.

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