Nigeria bans Female Genital Mutilation

Abuja, Nigeria (Pressenza) – Goodluck Jonathan signed the ban into law as one of his final acts as president before handing power over to Muhammadu Buhari, who was sworn into office last Friday.

“According to 2014 U.N. data, a quarter of Nigerian women have undergone FGM — the partial or total removal of external genitalia which can cause physical and psychological problems.

“Although some of Nigeria’s 36 states already prohibit the ritual, this week’s new federal law brings in a nationwide ban.

“The law, which was passed by the Senate on May 5, also prohibits men from abandoning their wives or children without economic support, according to the Nigeria Stability and Reconciliation Programme, a Lagos-based thinktank.” reported Reuters

Many have expressed worries about how the ban will be enforced, in particular in rural communities where such practices are very entrenched and considered to be part of tradition and culture. However it is indeed a step forward that may encourage other African countries to follow Nigeria’s example.

Written by  for Pressenza.

 

Fifth Column Editor’s note: For additional information, The Fifth Column obtained this report released by the World Health Organization (WHO). This practice occurs in many other countries than those mentioned but is either unstudied or the information is unreliable.

The WHO defines the practice as “all procedures that involve partial or total removal of the external female genitalia, or other injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons.” The organization estimates that this practice has impacted between 100 and 140 million girls and women.

Country, year of study, and percentage of women aged 15 – 49 mutilated

Benin 2006 12.9
Burkina Faso 2006 72.5
Cameroon 2004 1.4
Central African Republic 2008 25.7
Chad 2004 44.9
Côte d’Ivoire 2006 36.4
Djibouti 2006 93.1
Egypt 2008 91.1
Eritrea 2002 88.7
Ethiopia 2005 74.3
Gambia 2005/6 78.3
Ghana 2006 3.8
Guinea 2005 95.6
Guinea-Bissau 2006 44.5
Kenya 2008/9 27.1
Liberia 2007 58.2
Mali 2006 85.2
Mauritania 2007 72.2
Niger 2006 2.2
Nigeria 2008 29.6
Senegal 2005 28.2
Sierra Leone 2006 94
Somalia 2006 97.9
Sudan, northern (approximately 80% of total population in survey) 2000 90
Togo 2006 5.8
Uganda 2006 0.8
United Republic of Tanzania 2004 14.6
Yemen 2003 38.2
"FGM prevalence UNICEF 2013" by Johnuniq -

“FGM prevalence UNICEF 2013” by Johnuniq –